Unlike many other destinations, working in Portugal is hardly a hook for expats looking to move to this Mediterranean country. In fact, many relocate here to escape the faster business cultures of their own home countries. These include retirees and professionals that would sacrifice higher wages for a better quality of life.
Job market in Portugal
Expats who do move for employment can find the transition difficult, as Portugal's bureaucracy can be slow to provide licences and certifications. Furthermore, unemployment is generally high and wages are well below the European average, leaving many locals to settle for some abbreviated version of self-employment.
Much of Portuguese industry is in manufacturing, which has a limited need or attraction for expat workers, but burgeoning technology and alternative energy industries are beginning to take root in the country as well.
Finding a job in Portugal
Those lucky enough to secure a job prior to relocation will find that the businesses usually take care of most of the groundwork. Expats planning on taking the self-employed route or those who move without a job opportunity will have much more difficulty beginning a business as well as navigating the waters of foreign affairs.
Those wanting to work in Portugal will find the best method of obtaining a job is through word of mouth. Many positions never even reach the press for advertisement and are rather marketed through social connections and friendship networks.
Expats may also find that the expat community often prefers hiring service providers that originate from a similar part of the world as themselves, so it's worthwhile to cultivate acquaintances in these circles. Many have made a living in Portugal working strictly for expats like themselves.
Work culture in Portugal
Portuguese business culture tends to be hierarchical and focuses on relationships. Employees show respect to superiors and should always use titles like 'Senhor' and 'Senhora' when speaking to colleagues. Appearances are important to local businesspeople. Expats should make an effort to wear formal, neat and conservative clothing.
Expats would also do well to learn at least basic Portuguese before arriving in their new home, as this will go a long way when building a business network in Portugal.