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As a relatively compact city, getting around Boston is fairly easy by foot or using public transport. Although driving is often the most convenient option for travel outside of Boston proper, most residents choose not to drive around the downtown area due to the traffic congestion, high parking fees and the city's confusing street design.
Expats will find that there is a wealth of public transport options available in Boston, which will make getting to grips with the city much easier.
Public transport in Boston
Boston has an integrated public transport system run by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). It's convenient and relatively inexpensive. The MBTA is made up of the subway, buses, water shuttles and commuter rail.
The CharlieCard is a contactless smartcard that forms the basis of the MBTA payment system. There is a variety of options that allow commuters to choose the package that best suits their needs.
Boston’s subway, or ‘the T’, is composed of four colour-coded rail lines. This comprehensive network covers all the main areas of the city. If using a CharlieCard for one-way rides, commuters get free transfers on most subway and local bus routes.
Expats will find that while bus travel in Boston may be slower than using the subway, a bus ride will often be cheaper and take them closer to their final destination. There are also express buses in Boston that travel over longer distances. These are more expensive than regular buses.
The MBTA runs a number of water shuttles. There are also non-MBTA ferries and water taxis available at several ports.
The commuter rail system in Boston is primarily used for travelling to towns outside the city. Since these trains are infrequent, it's much faster to use the subway when travelling in Boston.
Taxis in Boston
Boston taxi fares are some of the most expensive in the US. Unless planning on sharing a taxi with a group of friends, it makes more sense to use the city's extensive public transport system.
Rideshare apps such as Uber and Lyft operate in Boston and, like regular taxis, they allow for more specific routes, but at a generally cheaper price. As Uber and Lyft services are charged directly to a user's bank account, they allow for travel without needing to carry cash.
Walking in Boston
Boston is a relatively small and safe city and many locals walk around the city centre. Walking will allow visitors to see more of Boston than they would on the subway, although walking is not always easy in the winter months when the snow and wind can pose a major obstacle to pedestrians.
Cycling in Boston
Bostonians love to cycle and, thanks to the city's small size and flat terrain, cycling is relatively easy (except in winter). Boston is a relatively cyclist-friendly city, though existing cycling infrastructure could use some expanding.
Driving in Boston
Navigating the streets of Boston is difficult for newcomers. Unlike other US cities, Boston’s streets do not follow a grid system or centre on a geographical feature like a river or lake. Many locals choose to use public transport or taxis rather than driving, due to the traffic congestion in the city centre and the parking, which is both limited and expensive.