Expats moving to Costa Rica will find a small, popular tourist destination known for its year-round tropical climate, impressive natural scenery (including rainforests, beaches, canyons and volcanos) and great quality of life. In fact, not only do expats enjoy a good quality of life, they may even live a bit longer by relocating to Costa Rica, as the country has one of the highest life expectancies in the world.

The country also has plans to become carbon neutral by 2021 – happy news for expats with fears of irresponsible tourism practices.

Expats in Costa Rica are sure to come across plenty of British and American retirees and tourists. It is estimated that more than 30,000 US retirees call the tiny country home, drawn to this stable democracy’s affordable healthcare, low cost of living, excellent climate and spectacular views.

Those looking to work in Costa Rica will find it difficult to secure a work permit unless they have exceptional skills. Although pensioners are allowed to own and profit from businesses in the country, Costa Rica is not considered ideal for investment.

Costa Rica’s healthcare is top quality, particularly in San José’s private hospitals, and as a result, it is a popular medical tourism destination. Residents are required to subscribe to Costa Rican social security via monthly contributions, giving them access to free public healthcare. Many expats also take out a private insurance policy as well as use a mix of both public and private healthcare.

Despite a favourable climate allowing plenty of sun and surf, there are downsides to living in Costa Rica. The country is at risk of seismic activity, making earthquakes and volcanic eruptions an ever-present danger. Hurricanes and flooding can also occur in the rainy season. Although still fairly rare, violent crime against foreigners and tourists is steadily rising, and burglaries and theft are also a source of concern, but expats can avoid falling victim by staying aware of their surroundings and taking basic safety precautions.

Most tourists tend to steer clear of urban centres and instead flock to the country’s natural surrounds, which range from sleepy, picturesque villages to lively resort towns. The capital, San José, boasts the best nightlife, shopping and restaurants in Costa Rica. Centrally situated, with gorgeous colonial architecture alongside modern galleries and cafés, the city offers expats an ideal base from which to explore the rest of the country.

Fast facts

Population: Around 5 million

Capital city: San José

Neighbouring countries: Nicaragua and Panama 

Geography: Costa Rica lies on the Central American Isthmus, the narrow strip of land between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea linking North- and South America. Bordered by Nicaragua in the north and Panama in the south, it also has a number of islands in the surrounding waters. The landscape is comprised of peaks and volcanos, as well as lower plains and forests.

Political system: Unitary presidential constitutional republic

Major religion: Christian 

Main language: Spanish

Money: The Costa Rican Colón (CRC) is divided into 100 centimos. ATMs and card facilities can be found in all major urban centres.

Tipping: Most places add a 10 percent service charge to their bill, but extra tipping for excellent service is appreciated.

Time: GMT-6

Electricity: 120V, 60Hz. Flat two-pin plugs and three-pin (two flat blades with a round grounding pin) plugs are used.

Internet domain: .cr

International dialling code: +506

Emergency contact: 911 (general), 117 (police), 118 (fire), 128 (ambulance)

Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road. Buses are the most commonly used form of public transport and the cheapest way to travel. Taxis are more expensive but more flexible than bus travel. Foreigners can drive with a valid licence from any country for the first three months of residency.