Whether planning to carve their way down Canada’s ski slopes on holiday, or settling into one of its lauded urban centres more permanently, it is essential for those wishing to enter the country to know the facts about visas for Canada.

Countless categories make the visa application process appear overwhelming, but the good news is that the Canadian government provides a comprehensive and up-to-date online resource that assists applicants with the process.

Visitor visas for Canada

Citizens of the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and a number of European countries are afforded visa-free entry into Canada for a visit period of six months or less, as long as they have a valid passport.

Expats from a designated list of countries available on Canada’s Citizenship and Immigration site will, however, need to apply for a visitor visa (also known as a temporary residence visa) before they arrive to be granted entry into Canada.

Permanent residence visas for Canada

Those wishing to immigrate to Canada will need to obtain permanent residency. It’s possible to apply for permanent residency through Canada’s federal programme, as well as through one of the country’s provincial programmes – in which case a particular province will need to nominate the applicant.

The first point of the process is deciding which permanent residency category to apply for. There are different permits for those reuniting with their family, those who have recently graduated from a Canadian institution, and those who have the education, skills and experience that will make them economically advantageous to Canada.

*Visa regulations are subject to change at short notice and expats are advised to contact their respective embassy or consulate for the latest details.