Namibia, located in southwest Africa, is a paradise of natural beauty. Home to two deserts, spectacular coastlines and populous national parks, the country boasts unique wonders. Tourists visiting and expats moving to Namibia are captivated by scenes such as the 75-mile-long (120km) Etosha salt pan, the massive Fish River Canyon or the endless red sand dunes in Sossusvlei. However, foreigners would be mistaken to envision a purely arid, rural landscape with little else to offer.

Expats who relocate to Namibia may be surprised by the historical and cultural influences evident in its architecture, work environments and lifestyles. Namibia, a former German colony, was annexed by South Africa after World War I and remained a South African province until the country's independence in 1990. As a result, the capital city, Windhoek, is home to European-style buildings, while the food culture appreciates beer and a good South-African-style braai or barbecue.

Most expats moving to Namibia settle in Windhoek – the social, political, cultural and economic centre of the country – where most jobs are likely to be found.

Namibia’s economy is based primarily on agriculture and mining, specifically diamonds. Its many natural attractions have resulted in a thriving tourism sector. However, finding a job in Namibia can be difficult as the government tends to hire locals over expat due to the country’s high unemployment rate.

Conducting business in Namibia, as well as the dress code that accompanies it, is relatively formal but socialising is considered an important part of building good work relationships. English is the language most spoken in business, along with Afrikaans and German.

Thanks to the country's large desert terrain, Nambia is one of the least densely inhabited countries in the world. As a result, residents can easily escape the city for a weekend getaway to some of Namibia's more isolated areas. While some expats may opt for a low-budget camping trip, luxury safaris are also on offer for those looking to splurge on a trip.

While some public transport is available, getting around Namibia is easiest by road. The primary roads are paved and in good condition, but expats looking to drive on the more rural roads should consider a four-wheel-drive vehicle. Caution should be maintained when driving at night, as animals can frequently be found crossing the roads in certain areas.

Having access to healthcare in Namibia is vital, especially as the northern part of the country is a malaria risk zone. In the capital and some of the bigger towns, there are good medical facilities with well-trained staff, but as treatment can be expensive, medical insurance is advised. Namibia has both private and public hospitals, with the latter being more prevalent and serving most of the country's citizens. The standard of the public hospitals in comparison to the private hospitals is below average in many areas. Outside of the main towns, medical treatment is scarcer.

Expat families with children may be concerned about schooling options. Education in Namibia is compulsory from the ages of 6 to 16. Both primary and secondary education at public schools is free, but uniforms, books, hostels and school improvement fees may be charged. Most expat parents opt for private schools. The language of instruction in these schools is predominately English, but there are also Afrikaans and German schools, as well as schools following international curricula.
Foreigners relocating to Namibia will probably not experience a huge culture shock. Namibian society is a blend of traditions and cultures set against an astoundingly beautiful landscape. Those living in Namibia should embrace the desert and all that it brings. 

Fast facts

Official name: Republic of Namibia

Population: Around 2.5 million

Capital city: Windhoek

Geography: Namibia is mostly arid desert, with some plateau areas and a rocky escarpment region near the coast. 

Neighbouring countries: Namibia is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana and Zambia to the east and Angola to the north.

Political system: Presidential republic

Major religions: Christianity

Main languages: English, Afrikaans, German and local Oshiwambo dialects. Several other languages are recognised nationally and regionally.

Money: The currency is the Namibian Dollar (NAD), which divided into 100 cents. ATMs can be found in all but the most remote areas and expats should be able to open a Namibian bank account with their passport, visa and a minimum deposit.

Tipping: When eating out, tip 10 percent if no service charge has been included. Many tour guides and game rangers rely on tips for their income – the size of the tip is up to one’s own discretion.

Time: GMT +2

Electricity: 220V, 50Hz. Three round-pin plugs (types D and M) are used.

Internet domain: .na

International dialling code: +264

Emergency contacts: 10111 (or 211111 in Windhoek)

Transport and driving: Though there are some train and bus systems, public transport in Namibia is not very well developed, and expats will most likely need a car to get around. Driving is on the left-hand side of the road.